Statistical Reasoning


Units: 12


This course will provide an introduction to the principles of data collection, description and analysis. You will learn the basic tools of statistical inference and modeling, as well as how to interpret results, measure the uncertainty in result, and understand the limitations of results. You will also learn how to interpret statistical output, and how not to be fooled by statistical studies.

Learning Outcomes:

At the end of this course, you should be able to - Present data visually in tabular and graphic form - Summarize a set of observations by reporting a measure of center and dispersion - Explain how and why sample data can be used to estimate descriptive measures of populations when census data is unavailable, and how we measure the accuracy and precision of the estimate - Apply the basic rules of probability - Find and interpret the probability for a random variable which has a normal distribution - Explain how to take a proper scientific sample that can be used to make inferences about the larger population - Explain what sampling error is and why it exists - Classify data by type and use the proper summary statistics and tests for the data type - Interpret the p-value, test statistic and other Minitab output from a test of hypotheses, confidence interval, and linear regression